About Sri LankaThe pearl in the Indian Ocean
Sri Lanka is a teardrop-shaped island in the Indian Ocean, located just below the Southern tip of India, North of the equator. The country has maximum Length of 432 km (Devundara to Point Peduru) and maximum width of 224 km (Colombo – Sangamankanda). Central and bit of southern Sri Lanka is hilly. Coastal area is made of flat and rolling plains. Land Area is 65,525 Sq. km. Pidurutalagala, also known as Mt Pedro, is Sri Lanka’s highest point at 2,524 meters (8,281 ft). Another significant mountain is Sripada or Adam’s Peak, also more than 2,000 meters tall.
Sri Lanka has a documented history that spans over 3,000 years.Its geographic location and deep harbours made it of great strategic importance from the time of the ancient Silk Roadthrough to World War IISri Lanka is a diverse country, home to many religions, ethnicities and languagesIt is the land of the Sinhalese, Sri Lankan Tamils, Moors, Indian Tamils, Burghers, Malays, Kaffirs and the aboriginal Vedda.Sri Lanka has a rich Buddhist heritage, and the first known Buddhist writings, the Pāli Canon, was committed to writing during the Fourth Buddhist Council in 29 BCE. The country’s recent history has been marred by a thirty-year civil war which decisively but controversially ended in a military victory in 2009.
Sri Lanka is a republic and a unitary state governed by a presidential system. The capital, Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, is a suburb of the largest city, Colombo. An important producer of tea, coffee, gemstones, coconuts, rubber, and the native cinnamon,Sri Lanka is known as “the Pearl of the Indian Ocean” because of its natural beauty, its shape and location, and “the nation of smiling people”.The island contains tropical forests and diverse landscapes with high biodiversity.